The good habit of brushing your teeth starts from the cradle, even when the baby has not yet had its first teeth, as dentists recommend and insist. And it is not strange to the data that reflect some studies and that indicate that oral health is not precisely one of the aspects most cared for by Spanish families.
The caries is the most common oral disease, both in children and adults. According to the Oral Health Survey, one of every three children aged 5 to 6 years has decay in baby teeth and one in two young people aged 12 to 15 years in permanent teeth. In addition to decay, periodontal disease and malocclusions are other of the most frequent oral problems in childhood.
The delay in the age of onset of oral hygiene may imply problems in the future. In fact, the health of baby teeth directly influences the teeth of adults. “If a tooth of milk is affected by decay and is lost, the guide is also lost so that later the final tooth erupts. This leads to many problems of bad positioning of the teeth.
To not be part of these statistics and keep your teeth in good health, there are some care and habits that we can instill in our children from early.
Before six months: Two or three days after birth the baby needs to be cleaned in order to eliminate the remains of breast milk or formula that remain stuck to the gums or the walls of the mouth and that may favor the presence of fungi. For this, a sterile gaiter, wet with boiled water or water with chamomile, is wrapped around the index finger. And it cleans the baby’s mouth and tongue very gently. “Chamomile gives tranquility to the irritation that the gums can have,” says the dentist.
At six months: More or less, at that age usually appears the first milk tooth. The brush should be a small, rounded head, without angles, with rounded and ultra-smooth filaments. Never leave the baby alone with the brush, because it will bite and detach the filaments.
More milk teeth have appeared and it is already necessary to use toothpaste. No matter how small the amount, that toothpaste carries beneficial active ingredients for the denture. The main one is fluorine, a demineralize that makes the dental structure stronger, more resistant to the attack of the bacteria that cause decay. In addition, repairs the tooth and prepares it to grow.
After two years: The child is ready to learn to wipe his mouth. So you can place on the toothpaste brush the size of a grain of rice and crosswise.
The toothbrush: the handle should be thick, not thin, because the child has not yet developed one hundred percent fine motor skills. And the head has to be rounded. In addition, the filaments will be smooth with rounded tips so that brushing can be done correctly and without causing any damage. The brush will change every two or three months. “However, you have to check your disgust because there are children who bite the brush and deform it before.
Parents should supervise the brushing of their children.
Pasta of teeth: Karen Romero explains that the most advisable thing is to buy toothpaste for children in the pharmacy, where the pharmacist can advise on the products that are on the market according to the age of the child. And he assures that «the amount of fluoride that the toothpaste carries has to be administered in a responsible way by the professional.