Is it usual for adults to undergo orthodontic treatment?
Traditionally, orthodontics has been associated with children or adolescents, however there are more and more adults who undergo orthodontic treatment to correct the bad position of their teeth.
Orthodontics in adults can make the dentition have a better chewing function and be more attractive, also reduces the chances of suffering periodontal diseases by allowing better oral hygiene. Some studies also highlight the psychological benefits such as increased self-esteem.
The new techniques allow adults to correct the misalignment of their teeth with less bulky aligners and virtually unnoticeable to the eye.
Is a treatment with orthodontics in adults really effective?
Although it is true that the best results are obtained in young patients when the tissues supporting the tooth are in the development phase, orthodontics is currently indicated at any age as long as we have any of the following pathologies:
- Crowding of the teeth
- Excess of space between the teeth
- Teeth included or scarcely erupted
- Abnormal development of the jaw
- Protrusion or protrusion: for example, very advanced upper incisors
- Open bites: when chewing they close the molars but not the anterior teeth
- Problems related to the operation of the temporal-mandibular joint (TMJ)
What factors can hinder an orthodontic treatment in adults?
- Periodontal disease: should be treated before undergoing orthodontic treatment
- Caries: should be treated before, once placed the orthodontics will be much more complicated any treatment on a decayed tooth
- Abnormal development of the jaw: in adults the jaws are fully developed so the treatment will be more complicated than when they are in the growth phase.
- Worn or fractured teeth: a tooth restoration will be necessary before starting orthodontics.
- Lack of commitment to treatment: some patients may be reluctant to undergo long-term treatment that involves orthodontics for a long time.
Benefits of an orthodontic treatment
- Improve the chewing function of the mouth
- Avoid malocclusions
- Prevent cavities and periodontal diseases
- Facilitate oral hygiene by eliminating hard-to-reach nooks and crannies
- Improve personal relationships and self-esteem
- Avoid the wear of the teeth and the temporal-mandibular joint due to imbalances of the mouth
- Avoid weak areas or with greater risk of trauma
- Improve the aesthetics of our face, wear a beautiful smile